Een kennisparel van Jaap de Waard

[2] 17 maart 2020: Aanpak van actieve leden binnen de georganiseerde criminaliteit

Ik ga nog even door met het doorsturen van pareltjes. Dit keer over de aanpak van actieve leden binnen de georganiseerde criminaliteit. Wat blijkt? Een primair (vroegtijdige) preventieve aanpak is majeur.

Eerder heb ik daar al een samenvattende notitie over geschreven:

Bijgesloten artikel is goed leesbaar. Het blijkt dat een primair op opsporing gerichte aanpak weinig effectief is. Ook hier is een vroegtijdig preventieve aanpak op potentiële rekruten binnen de georganiseerde criminaliteit majeur. Food for thought…


Much of the literature on organized crime is based on media, arrests and prosecu­tion records, while research based on intelligence data on this otherwise clandestine criminality is scarce. We present aggregated intelligence data on all known organized crime groups (ocgs) and ocgs members in West Midlands region of the United King­dom, encompassing records on 2,726 highly-prolific offenders and 280 groups, collat­ed based on over a million records from multiple law enforcement agencies. Using a cross-sectional analysis of the records, we describe in granular details the characteris­tics, patterns and criminal endeavor of organized crime in one of the largest regions in the United Kingdom. Social network analyses are explored as well, in order to observe the links between both offenders within the same ocg as well as between ocgs. The results debunk previously assumed notions about suitable targets in the policing of organized crime. (a) Based on internal records, police pursue is responsible for the archiving of less than 6% of inactive ocgs, while more than 2/3’s of the ocgs become inactive due to ‘market’ reasons regardless of enforcement pursues; (b) more than half of ocg members have ‘replaceable’, low-level jobs (i.e., drug suppliers, enforcers and criminal activity organizers), while 20% are considered principal members of the groups (who are older and more experienced offenders, as per their arrest records) (c) larger ocgs appear to pose a greater threat to society than smaller ocgs, while the latter are more likely to be ‘naturally’ dispersed over time; (d) given the inefficiencies that characterize the current pursue approach, a promising avenue of exploration is the targeting of younger and less experienced co-offenders of ocg members, before they ‘formally’ join the ocgs and through preventative mechanism. We discuss these findings and offer scholars and practitioners new considerations for future inquiries.